Position Papers

AER members have created several position papers on topics specific to the association’s interest-specific divisions.  These thoughtful documents provide guidance to professionals serving those who are blind and visually impaired.

Low Vision Division (Div.  7)
Low Vision Position Paper #1–  Facilitating Visual Efficiency and Access to Learning for Students with Low Vision.

Low Vision Position Paper #2– Supporting the Social and Emotional Needs of Students With Low Vision to Promote Academic and Social Success.

Low Vision Position Paper #3 – Literacy Media Decisions for Students with Visual Impairments

Low Vision Position Paper #4 – The Role and Training of Teachers of Students with Visual Impairment (TSVIs) as a Special Educator and Why TSVIs Do Not Provide Vision Therapy Services

Low Vision White Paper #1– Facilitating Visual Efficiency, Successful Employment, and Quality of Life of  Working Age Adults with Low Vision

Low Vision White Paper #2 – The Needs of Older Persons with Low Vision: The Need to Respond


Orientation & Mobility (Div. 9)Revised 2013
O&M Position Paper #1– O&M in Naturalistic Environments

O&M Position Paper #2 – Teaching O&M Through Individual and Group Lessons

O&M Position Paper #3 – Teaching Street Crossings at Signalized Intersections

O&M Position Paper #4 – Teaching Street Crossings at Streets and Lanes Where There is No Traffic Control

O&M Position Paper #5 – University Trained Orientation & Mobility Specialists

O&M Position Paper #6 – Use of Visual Occlusion in Orientation & Mobility Instruction

O&M Position Paper #7 – Orientation and Mobility Specialists and the Provision of Travel Instruction to Individuals with Nonvisual Disabilities


Itinerant Personnel Division (Div. 16)
Itinerant Position Paper #1– Caseload Analysis: A Critical Component of Quality Services For Students with Visual Impairments.

Itinerant Position Paper #2 – Caseloads Based on Students’ Assessed Needs


Position Paper Process
AER Division members have position papers which reflect the consensus of the membership.  In order to be an approved position paper, the following procedure must be followed:

  1. Prepare a draft of the position paper and publish it in a Division newsletter and/or other appropriate publication that reaches all Division members.  Because of the importance of comments from Division members, no position paper may be considered for acceptance by the Division unless a draft has had prior publication in a Division newsletter or another appropriate publication.
  2. Invite comments, criticisms, and suggestions from the Division members and revise the position paper accordingly.
  3. Accept final draft of the position paper with a two-thirds majority vote at an international meeting or through mail ballot voting of the Division membership.
  4. Distribute and publicize approved position papers.